Many different languages were spoken in early Anatolia (Asia Minor). Some of the less well-known languages include Luwian/Luvian and Lycian.
The Luvian or Luwian language was spoken in the Tarsus mountains in southern Anatolia. They supplanted a non-Indo-European Hurrian-speaking people. Luvian texts, using a cuneiform script, appear in Hattusas from 1600 to 1200 BC. A hieroglyphic script was used from 1300 to 700 BC. (6, 7)
At one time, Luvian was spoken in the south, Hittite in the east, and Palaic in the northwest. The three languages were related. Hittite and Palaic were especially similar. Although Palaic was used in tablets in Hattusas, it is thought that the language was only used in ritual contexts by this time. (6, 7)
Male Luwian Names
Tibe - A Luwian name? (1)
Ura-Tarhundas - The Luwian name of a king from 10th century BC Carchemish. Talmi-Teshub is the Hurrian form. (2)
Tarhunt - Luwian form of the weather god known to the Hitties as Tarhun or Tarhunna (3)
Male Lycian Names
Ermedumnou - Lycian name thought to have been influenced by Celts in Galatia (4)
Wazzije - A Lycian name? (1)
(1) Genitive Case and Possessive Adjective in Anatolian
(2) (When) Did it Happen? Further Resources : Further material referred to in note 8 of the accompanying Grove booklet B 29 Deities
(3) Encyclopaedia Britannica Online - Tarhun
(4) BMCR Book Review of Philip Freeman, The Galatian Language. A Comprehensive Survey of the Language of the Ancient Celts in Greco-Roman Asia Minor, Reviewed by Stephen Colvin, Yale University - 12/14/02.
(5) The Ancient Orient: An Introduction to the Study of the Ancient Near East, Wolfram von Soden, Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1994.
(6) Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference To More Than 400 Languages, Andrew Dalby, New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.
(7) The Anatolian languages, C. aan de Wiel, April 14, 2000.
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Updated November 20, 2009