The Visigoths and Ostrogoths were two Gothic or Germanic kingdoms that rose after the sack of Rome in 410 A.D. The Ostrogoths ruled a kingdom that was centered in Italy. Their capital was at Ravenna. The Visigoths were originally established in southwestern France by 411 A.D. Their capital was at Narbonne. They later spread to Spain.(1)
Various Germanic groups began to dominate Spain in 409 A.D. In that year the Alans, Sueves, and Vandals crossed the Pyrenees and took most of Spain from the Romans. Rome itself was sacked in 410. In 416 the Visigoths entered Spain as allies of the Roman government, which was now based in Ravenna. They destroyed the Alans and attacked the Vandals and then retreated to Aquitaine. The Vandals left Spain for North Africa in 429. The remaining Sueves took over the Vandal areas. Emerita Augusta (Merida) became their captial. The Sueves sought to expand their territory. This led to Rome inviting the Visigoths back into Spain. The Visigoths forced the Sueves into Gallaecia in northwestern Spain. By the mid-470s, the Visigoths took the last Roman strongholds in modern Catalonia and the Ebro valley. The center of the Visigothic kingdom moved south of the Pyrenees and into Spain after the Franks and Burgundians defeated the Visigoths and killed Alaric II in 507. The Franks took over the Visigothic kingdom in Gaul except for the area around Narbonne, which was called Septimania. The Ostrogoths in Italy helped minimize Visigothic losses and the Ostrogoths ruled Spain for a few decades. The Franks again defeated the Visigoths and succeeding dynasties rarely lasted long. By the 7th century, Roman and Gothic identities had blended. The Visigothic period lasted until the 700s. Berber armies from North Africa had advanced to Saragossa by 714. In 720, the last Visigothic king, Ardo, was conquered around Narbonne.(1)
Brunhilda - Visigothic princess of Burgundy (2)
Florentina - Nun, Sister of Visigothic king, Isidore c. 600 (1)
Achila - The name of two Visigothic kings (1, 3)
Agila - Visigothic king, ruled 549 to 554 (1, 3)
Ardo - Ruled 713 to 720, last Visigothic king (1)
Alaric - The name of two Visigothic kings (1, 3)
Athanagild - Visigothic king, ruled 554 to 567 (1)
Braulio - Bishop of Saragossa 631 to 651 (1)
Bulgar - Visigothic Count in the 600s AD (1)
Chindasuinth - Visigothic king, ruled 642 to 653 (1, 3)
Chintila - Visigothic royal poet 636 to 639 (1)
Egica - Visigothic king, ruled 687 to 702 (1)
Ervig - Visigothic king, ruled 680 to 687 (1)
Euric - Visigothic king, ruled 466 to 484 (1, 3)
Gundemar - Visigothic king, ruled 610 to 611/12 (1)
Hermenegild, Hermenigild - Visigothic prince, son of Leovigild (1, 3)
Ildefonsus - Bishop of Toledo 657 - 667 (1)
Isidore - Bishop of Seville, d. 636 (1)
Iudila - A Visigothic king (1)
Julian - Bishop of Toledo 680 - 690 (1)
Leander - Bishop of Seville, d. 599/600 (1)
Leovigild - Visigothic king, ruled 569 to 586 (1, 4)
Liuva - The name of two Visigothic king, the second one ruled 601 to 603 (1)
Reccared, Recared - Visigothic king, ruled 586 to 601, the second Reccared died in 621 (1, 3, 4)
Reccesuinth, Receswinth - Visigothic king, ruled 649 to 672 (1, 4)
Roderic - Visigothic king, ruled 710 to 711 (1, 3)
Sisbert - Bishop of Toledo, 690 - 693 (1)
Sisebut - Visigothic king, ruled 611/12 to 620 (1)
Sisenand - Visigothic king, ruled 631 to 636 (1, 3)
Suinthila - Visigothic king, ruled 621 to 631 (1, 3)
Suniefred - Visigothic king (1)
Theoderic - Visigothic king in Gaul, ruled 453 to 466, and an Ostrogothic king, ruled 493 to 526 (1, 3)
Theudisclus - Visigothic king, ruled 548 to 559 (1)
Thorismund - Ruled 451 to 453 (3)
Tulga - Visigothic king, ruled 639 to 642 (1)
Wamba - Visigothic king, ruled 672 to 680 (1, 3)
Witteric - Visigothic king, ruled 603 to 610 (1)
Wittiza - Visigothic king, ruled 693 to 710 (1, 3)
(1) Spain: A History, Raymond Carr (ed)., New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
(2) How the Irish Saved Civilization, Thomas Cahill, New York: Doubleday, 1995, 1996.
(3) Early Medieval Europe, 300 - 1000, Roger Collins, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.
(4) Atlas of Medieval Europe, Angus Konstam, New York: Checkmark Books, 2000.
(5) A Short History of Byzantium, John Julius Norwich, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.
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Updated November 30, 2009