Aztec/Nahuatl Names

Aztec Calender

Note: The following are Nahuatl personal names and name elements. At one time, everyone spoke Nahuatl in the Valley of Mexico except for the Otomi (1).

Female Names

Azcalxochitzin - "Ant Flower"(1)
Miahuaxiuitl - "Turquoise Maize-Flower" (1)
Quiauhxochitl - "Rain Flower" (1)
Tziquetzalpoztectzin - "Precious Broken Plume of the Quetzal Bird" (1)
Jade Doll (1)

Male Names

Acamapichtli - "Handful of Reeds", Father of Itzcoatl, Ruled Tenochtitlan from 1367 - 1387 (1)
Ahuitzotl - Ruled 1486 - 1502 (1)
Axayacatl - Aztec ruler from 1469 - 1481 (1)
Chimalpopoca - "Smoking Shield", 3rd ruler of Tenochtitlan (1)
Huitzilihuitl - 2nd ruler of Tenochtitlan, 1397 - 1415 (1)
Itzcoatl - "Obsidian Snake", 4th ruler of Tenochtitlan, 1427 - 1440, Destroyed old Nahuatl history books. (1)
Ixtlilxochitl - Brother of a Texcoco ruler (1)
Maxtla - Tepanec ruler of Azcapotzalco (1)
Moquihuix - "Drunkard" (1)
Nezahualcoyotl - "Hungry Coyote", Ruler of Nahuatl-speaking Texcoco (1)
Nezahualpilli - Ruler of Nahuatl-speaking Texcoco, died in 1516 (1)
Tezozomoc - Tepanec ruler of Azcapotzalco (1)
Tizoc - Brother of Axayacatl, Ruled 1481 - 1486? (1)
Tlacaelel - Chief Minister of Itzcoatl (1)
Topiltzin - Early ruler of Tula (Toltec) (1)
Angry Turkey (1)
Bee in the Reeds (1)
Black Hill (1)
Fire Coyote (1)
He Who Laughs at Women (1)
Speaking Eagle (1)
Tiger Lip Plug (1)

Nahuatl Name and Month Elements

Acatl = "Reed" (1)
Atl = "Water" (1)
Calli = "House" (1)
Cipactli = "Alligator" (1)
Coatl = "Serpent, Snake" (1)
Coyotl? = "Coyote"? (1)
Cozcaquauhtli = "Vulture" (1)
Cuetzpalin = "Lizard" (1)
Ehecatl = "Wind" (1)
Icpalli = "Chair" (a legless chair) (1)
Itz? = "Obsidian"? (1)
Itzcuintli = "Dog" (1)
Malinalli = "Grass" (1)
Mazatl = "Deer" (1)
Miquiztli = "Death" (1)
Nezahual? = "Hungry"? (1)
Nochtli = "Prickly Pear Cactus" (1)
Ocelotl = "Ocelot" (1)
Ollin = "Motion, Earthquake" (1)
Otli = "Road" (1)
Ozomatli = "Monkey" (1)
Quauhtli = "Eagle" (1)
Quauitl = "Tree, Forest" (1)
Quiautl = "Rain" (1)
Tecpatl = "Flint Knife" (1)
Tepetl = "Mountain" (1)
Tetl = "Stone" (1)
Tlantli = "Teeth" (1)
Tochtli ="Rabbit" (1)
Xochitl = "Flower" (1)

Source:
(1) Everyday Life of the Aztecs, Warwick Bray, New York: Peter Bedrick Books, 1968, 1991.

See also:

Common Nahuatl Names - Common Nahuatl Names is an analysis of Nahuatl names found in a 1540 census. The analysis was done by Bob McCaa of the University of Minnesota and reported by John F. Schwaller, 1999.


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Updated November 30, 2009