France did not yet have its modern boundaries in Renaissance times. France's kings included François/Francis I (1494 - 1547), Henri II (1519 - 1559), François/Francis II (died 1560), Catherine de Medici (1519 - 1589), as regent for Charles IX (1550 - 1574) and Henri III (1551 - 1589), Henri IV (1553 - 1610), and Louis XIII (1601 - 1666). (1)
While England had lost Normandy and Gascony in 1453, the English held an enclave at Calais until 1558. (1) Charles VIII (1483 - 1498) started the process of incorporating the Duchy of Brittany into France. Henry VII of England attempted to prevent the annexation of Brittany after the death of its duke in 1488. England did not want to see a strong and united France. Henry VII's forces were defeated in 1499. In return, Charles VIII of France aided Perkin Warbeck in his bid to dethrone Henry VII. (2)
The Duchy of Burgundy in eastern France was very powerful and included the Netherlands. Isabella and Ferdinand's grandson inherited Burgundy and the Netherlands in 1515 and Austria in 1519. He became the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. (2)
Marguerite - (3)
Ambroise - (3)
Auguste - (3)
Bernard - (3)
Etienne - (3)
François - (3)
Guillaume - (3)
Jacques - (3)
Jean - (3)
Maurice - (3)
Mellin - (3)
Michel - (3)
Philippe - (3)
Pierre - (3)
Cartier - (3)
De Thou - Jacques Auguste De Thou was a historian (3)
Palissy - A French painter (3)
Paré - (3)
Ribault - (3)
Viète - (3)
1 - The Writer's Guide to Everyday Life in Renaissance England: From 1485 - 1649, Kathy Lynn Emerson, Cincinnati, Ohio: Writers' Digest Books, 1996.
2 - Tudor England, An Encyclopedia, New York: Garland Publishing, 2001.
3 - Handbook to Life in Renaissance Europe, Sandra Sider, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
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Created January 2011